Etymology (merriam-webster.com dictionary.com)
Memory aid
Sentence: YOUR SENTENCE NEEDS TO HAVE A CLOSING PARTICIPLE (ex:The tightrope walker demonstrated glorious sangfroid, balancing atop a pit of vitriolic vipers and bombastic politicians and unctuous salepersons and jaded jewel thieves.)

Def: A natural inclination or predilection toward
Syn: Natural bent, proclivity, penchant
Ant: Natural incapacity or inability
Ety: Latin propendere, meaning incline to, hang forward, weigh over
MA: Props are used in theater, and you may have a propensity for theater
S: Michael Phelps is a very good swimmer, having a propensity for the sport.
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David Lenahan

Definition: To find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought; to hint, suggest, imply
Synonyms: gather, deduce, presume, guess, speculate
Antonyms: misconceive, misunderstand
Etymology: Middle French or Latin; Middle French inferer, from Latin inferre, literally, to carry or bring into
Memory-aid: Inf is in infer, which is also in information and if you have information, you can infer something.
Sentence: I watched the dark stormy clouds, inferring that there will soon be a storm.


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Saida Gjinatori.

Word: Aura
Definition: (n.) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality
Synonyms: ambience, atmosphere
Antonyms: n/a
Etymology: 1859, "subtle emanation around living beings;" earlier "gentle breeze" (late 14c.), from L. aura "breeze, wind, air," from Gk. aura "breath, breeze," from PIE base *awer-.
Memory Aid: it begins with a as and so does atmosphere. A synonym is ambience and when I think of ambience I think of a couple sitting down for dinner on valentine's day and the resturant has a certain "aura" to it
Sentence: When she walked in with her beaming smile, a certain aura filled the room.
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Sierra Burleson

reverberate (v.)
meaning: to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly
syn: rumble, thunder, boom, echo
etmology: Latin reverberatus, past participle of reverberare, from re- + verberare to lash, from verber rod -- more at VERVAIN
Date: 15th century
Memory Aid: berate is in the word, so when you're berating someone, it's so loud that it echos off the wallls. OR, if you can't remember the word berate, then verb means word in Latin and when you say words on a cliff of something, it echos.
Sentence: The miniscule-brained meerkeat was very confused when his various screeches reverberated, echoing off all the distant cliffs.
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Insular (adj.)

Definition: relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience

Synonyms: narrow-minded, parochial, provincial

Antonyms: catholic, cosmopolitan, liberal

Etymology: 1611, "of or pertaining to an island," from L.L. insularis, from L. insula "island"

Memory Aid: Insular looks like insulation, which you would need for your shelter if you were stranded on an island.

Sentence: The ship-wrecked saxophonist, Roland, found himself alone and miserable, roaming an insular habitat in the middle of the broad Pacific.



Harry Konangi

amorphous (adj.)
shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without character, unity or cohesion
formless, unstructured, nebulous, inchoate
definite, well-defined, clear-cut
from Greek "amorphos", first known use in 1731
"morph" is in the word and if you were to morph a piece of clay, it would be amorphous; also,"amor" is in the beginning of the word, and everyone loves the little green man in the movie "Flubber", who is very amorphous
The purple amoeba on my petry dish was moving in a very amorphous way, streching in every direction.
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Lydia Bednarski

Definition:incapable of being understood:impossible to see through physically
Synonyms: impenetrable,incomprehensible,enigmatic
Antonyms:comprehensible,intelligible, penetrable
Etymology: Middle English, from Late Latin inscrutabilis, from Latin in- + scrutari to search
Memory aid:Uh…ok..If you don’t understand the directions given to you, then you won't know how to fix the table by using a screw
Sentence: He talked about things that were inscrutable, blabbing on and on all day about practically nothing.
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Catherine Hall

Repudiate (v.)

Definition: to disown, reject, or deny the validity of.

Synonyms: disavow, abjure, renounce

Antonyms: avow, afirm, aver, avouch

Etymology: 1540s, "to cast off by divorce," from adj. meaning "divorced, rejected, condemned" (mid-15c.), from L. repudiatus, pp. of repudiare "to divorce or reject," from repudium "divorce, rejection," from re- "back, away" + pudium, probably related to pes-/ped- "foot." The original notion may be of kicking something away, but folk etymology commonly connects it with pudere "cause shame to." Of opinions, conduct, etc., attested
from 1824. Related: Repudiated; repudiating.

Memory Aid: The word repudiate starts with the letters rep, the word reprimand also begins with the same three letters. Think of being disowned as a reprimand for bad behavior.

Sentence: You will be repudiated, was the exclamation being screamed to the boy by an angry father, yelling and smashing things as he reprimanded his son for attending the party.

external image c0043489.jpg she is repudiating her boy friend
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this poster repudiates Columbus's discovery

Zeph Sawyer

Word: Contraband (n.) (adj.)
Definition: (n.) anything prohibited by law from being imported or exported., illegal or prohibited trade; smuggling. (adj.) prohibited from export or import.
Syn: banned, forbidden, illegal, illicit, smuggled
Ant: allowed, lawful, legal
Et: 1520 30; earlier contrabanda < Sp < It contrabando (nowcontrabbando ), equiv. to contra- contra- 1 + ML bandum, var.of bannum ban 2
Memory Aid: In contraband, you see "band" which sounds like "banned" which is the deffinition.
Sentence: The man possessed enough contraband to get him in jail for 35 years.

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Mina Cheriki ^^^^

Definition: incapable of being changed or called back
Synonyms: irreversible, unrecallable, unalterable
Antonyms: reversible, changeable
Etymology: also irrevokable, late 14c., from L. irrevocabilis "that cannot be recalled," from in- "not" + revocabilis (see **//revoke//**). Related: Irrevocably.
Memory Aid: "ir" means not and "voc" is like vocal and "able" is a verb so something that is said can't be taken back
Sentence: The malicious gossip she started was irrevocable, having been heard by the entire student body at an assembly.
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peevish, complaining, fretful
s: petulant, touchy, cranky, irritable
a: uncomplaining, stoical, serene, placid
et: from Latin querulus from querī to complain
memory: querulous looks and sounds like quarrel, which is to argue and a lot of times when people are arguing
one of them is complaining about something or irritating the other
sentence: The querulous child complained during the entire car ride, complaining about how long it was.
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Cara Mitchell

(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pedantic
syn- profoundly educated, well-read
ant- ignorant, uneducated, illiterate
etym- early 15c., from L. eruditus, pp. of erudire "to educate, teach, instruct, polish," lit. "to bring out of the rough,"
memory- there is a "ud" in the middle of this word and a "ud" in the middle of study
sentence- The erudite boys study all the time, sitting at home and reading their note cards.

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Word: Resilient
Definition: (adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly
Synonyms: springy, elastic, buoyant, bouncy
Antonyms: rigid, stiff, inflexible, unyielding
ET: 1635–45; < L resilient- (s. of resiliēns ), prp. of resilīre to spring back
Memory Aid: it has the prefix RE and it means for soething to REcover its shape.
Sentence: The resilient rubber band always recovered its shape, returning to a circle despite what it goes through.
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Adam Smith

Definition: (adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed.
Synonyms: obscene, filthy, abusive, vituperative
Antonyms: decorous, seemly, tasteful, dignified
Etymology: from scurrile "coarsely joking" (c.1500, implied in scurrility), from L. scurrilis "buffoonlike," from scurra "fashionable city idler," later "buffoon."
Memory aid: If someone has scurrilous language, people are likely to scurry away from them.
Sentence: The outspoken town meeting attendent voiced his opinions in a scurrilous way, offending everybody there and eventually causing his own exclusion from future meetings.
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Alec Temes

Sedulous (adj.)

persistent, showing industry and determination

assiduous, tireless, indefatigable

lackadaisical, listless, indolent, otiose

Latin sedulus, from sedulo sincerely, diligently, from sed-, se without + dolus guile
First Known Use: 1540
1). The word sed in spanish means thirst so I think of someone with an undying thirst for something or to do something.

In order to become the very best, the sedulous Ash Ketchum devoted his entire life to Pokemon, catching them, training them, battling them, and evolving them till he become the very best, like no one ever was.



Blake Williams

Definintion- thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable.
Syn- Inferior, cheesy, tawdry, tatty.
Ant- superior, first- rate, quality, sturdy.
Etymology- origin is unknown; first known use was around 1645.
Memory Aid- sleazy people make you queasy. (queasy and sleazy rhyme)
Sentence- The sleazy man downtown ripped us off, selling us fake tickets to the basketball game.
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Sarah Yannie

Definition: To increase in greatness, power or wealth; to build up or intensity, to make appear greater
Synonyms: augment, amplify,enhance, exalt
Antonyms: reduce, decrease,diminish
Etymology: Latin a- 'from' + grandir 'to increase'
Memory Aid: "grand" which means stately, or magnificent so, you want to make something more grand...you want to aggrandize it
Sentence: I was able to aggrandize my house, aggrandizing every room in every way possible.

Marisa Arancibiaexternal image oldhouse.jpg
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Def- (Adj) Thin, light, delicate, insubstantial. (n) thin, light cloth.
Syn- filmy, diaphanous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy
Ant- thick, dense, solid, massive
Ety- 1275–1325; ME gosesomer ( see goose, summer1 ); possibly first used as name for late, mild autumn, a time when goose was a favorite dish (cf. G Gänsemonat November), then transferred to the cobwebs frequent at that time of year.
Mem- GOSSamer as in gauze, which is thin. gosSAMER as in summer, as in wearing thin clothes.
Sent- The gossamer cobweb barely stayed in one piece, swaying violently in the rough winds of winter.

Oriana Fleming :)

Courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to
Genial, amicable, agreeable, cordial
Surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable
Middle English affabyl, from Anglo-French, from Latin affabilis
If someone is affable, then they will likely be “laffable”

The person talked to me, telling me that I was very affable and that he wanted to be my friend.

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Ian Adams