Word
Definition
Synonyms
Antonyms
Etymology (merriam-webster.com dictionary.com)
Memory aid
Sentence: Use a closing participle--present or past tense
Pictures
Your name

Heinous
Def: Very wicked, offensive, hateful
Syn: Evil, odious, abominable, outrageous
Ant: Excellent, wonderful, splendid
Ety: Anglo-French Haine for hate
MA: Hei- sounds like hate, and us is in the word, so someone who hates us is heinous
S: The Wonderful Wizard of Oz told Dorothy, Toto, the Scarecrow, the Tinman, and the Cowardly Lion to kill the heinous Wicked Witch of the West.
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David Lenahan

Demagogue
Definition: a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power
Synonyms: rabble-rouser, firebrand
Antonyms: peacemaker, reconciler, uniter
Etymology: Greek dEmagOgos, from dEmos people (perhaps akin to Greek daiesthai to divide) + agOgos leading, from agein to lead
Memory Aid: Demagogue rhymes with monologue, and it be could a future ruler giving a false speech of promises.
Sentence: The politician made it evident that he was a demagogue, saying he would invent unicorns if he was selected.
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Saida Gjinatori


Word: Brusque
Definition: (adj) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities
Synonyms: curt, tactless, ungracious, gruff, rough
Antonyms: gracious, tactful, courteous, diplomatic
Etymology: 1650s, from Fr. brusque "lively, fierce," from It. adj. brusco "sharp, tart, rough," perhaps from V.L. *bruscum "butcher's broom plant."
Memory Aid: Brusque kind of sounds like brisk, and when it is a brisk day the wind may have a cold/sharp feeling.
Sentence: Jimmy’s parents met Jimmy’s plea for a new car for his sixteenth birthday with a brusque no, wanting Jimmy to work for his own car.

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Sierra Burleson

immutable
not subject to change, constant
unchangeable, unalterable, fixed, invariable
changeable, inconstant, variable, fickle
immutable, from L. immutabilis "unchangeable," from in- "not" + mutabilis "changeable," from mutare "to change"
the prefix im means not and mute is in the word which if someone is mute, it is hard for them to change something by talking because they are a mute
The girl threw her hands in the air, giving into her immutable heritage.
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Cara Mitchell



Word: Castigate (v.)
Def: to punish severely, to criticize severely
Syn: chastise, rebuke, censure, upbraid
Ant: reward, honor, praise, laud
Etym: 1600–10; < L castīgātus lit., driven to be faultless (ptp. ofcastigāre to chasten), equiv. to cast ( us ) pure, chaste + -īg-, comb. form of agere to drive, incite + -ātus -ate1
Memory: When you are punished, you are put behind a gate, as in behind bars
Sentence: He was castigated for fighting with the referee, earning a technical foul for his misbehavior.
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Alexa Fedynsky


Insurgent (n)
Def- a person who revolts against civil authority or an estbblished government; especially a rebel not recognized as a belligerent
Syn- rebellious, mutinous
Ant- loyalist, loyal
Ety-1765, from L. insurgentem (nom. insurgens), prp. of insurgere "rise up, rise against, revolt,"
MA- The Runaways, or a "surge" of people revolting
Sen- In attempt to feel in control, she stormed out of class, feeling like an insurgent.
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Isabella Perry-Moore


ennui (n.)
Definition: weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom
Synonyms: languor, world-weariness, listlessness
Antonyms: enthusiasm, liveliness, excitement, intensity
Etymology: 1660–70; < F: boredom; OF enui displeasure; see annoy
Memory Aid: Ennui sounds like Wii, the videogame console. Some people chose to play videogames when they are bored
Sentence: As he sat in Ms. Jones boring history class, Jimbo was overwhelmed by a sense of ennui, dozing to sleep on his creaky old desk.
Pictures:
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Harry Konangi

bizarre (adj.)
extremely strange, unusual, atypical
grotesque, fantastic, outlandish
normal, typical, ordinary, expected
French, from Italian bizzarro, first known use: 1648
"bi" (the prefix), means "two", so a person with two heads would be quite bizarre
The two-headed dog lunged at me, barking at me with one head and preparing to bite with the other.
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Lydia Bednarski

Contrive
Def. (v) to plan with ingenuity, invent; to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan.
Syn. think up, devise, concoct, fabricate
Ant. - but I guess plagairize is the opposite.
Ety. Middle English controven, contreven, from Anglo-French controver, contrever, from Medieval Latin contropare to compare, from Latin com- + Vulgar Latin *tropare to compose, find"
Mem Aid. contrive sounds like connive, and if you are conniving, you're kind of sly and mean. Contrive said quickly sounds like "couldn't drive" and if you can't drive, maybe it's because you were too busy planning someone's demise. <-KIND OF a stretch.
Sent. The witch contrived a plan, concocting a scheme in which a roasted and salted Hansel and Gretl would be cruelly forced into her salivating mouth.
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Oriana Fleming

Word: disabuse (v.)
Definition: to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking
Synonyms: undeceive, enlighten, set straight
Antonyms: deceive, delude, pull wool over one’s eyes
Etymology: French désabuser, from dés- dis- + abuser to abuse. First Known Use: circa 1611
Memory aid: if people thought that you were abusing someone and you really weren’t then you could disabuse their thoughts about you
Sentence: Obama tried to disabuse the audience about his financial plan, claiming that he would be a better president than John McCain.
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external image obamaphillyspeech.jpgCatherine Hall
Word: Cajole
Definition: (v.) to coax, persuade through flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises.
Synonyms: Wheedle, inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
Antonyms: coerce, force, strong-arm
Etymology: French for Cajoler (to cajole, wheedle, or coax) Middle French for cageoler (to chatter like a jay) Old French for gaioler (to cage; entice into a cage)
Memory Trick: You see "caj" in cajole, which, in a way, reminds you of "cage" and dog catchers would try to lure or "cajole" a dog in that cage.
Sentence: The dog catcher cajoled the dog into the cage, wheedling him in with a large, raw steak.

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Mina Cheriki :)

surreptitious (adj.)
-stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud
Syn: furtive, covert, clandestine, concealed
Ant: open, frank, aboveboard, overt
Etymology: mid-15c., from L. surrepticius "stolen, furtive, clandestine," from surreptus, pp. of surripere "seize secretly," from sub "from under" (hence, "secretly") + rapere "to snatch" (see **//rapid//**). Related: Surreptitiously.
Memory Aid: In surreptitious the word "rep" is in there...and I was thinking that if someone has a rep or reputation of being sneaky and shady then they would have the rep of being surreptitious.
Sentece: The man surreptitiously snatched the money, snickering at the easy crime he had just so sneakily committed.

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CLAIRE STEMEN

Def: Sinecure
Syn: "no-show" job, cushy job, "plum"
Ant: none
Et:1655–65; < ML ( beneficium ) sine cūrā (benefice) without care
Mem: It has the word sin in it, and its a sin to have an easy job while others are working hard.
Sen: The man in the office cubicle put his fee up, treating his job like a sinecure.
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Adam Smith


Vicarious
Definition- Performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place or another.
Syn- Surrogate, substitute, imagined, secondhand
Ant- Real, actual, firsthand
Etymology- Latin word "vicarius", or "vicis"- which means change or alternation.
Memory Aid- the word starts with "vi" just like "video games", where you live through a character in the game.
Sentence- The vicarious father lived through his son, forcing him to participate in all the activities he never experienced as a boy.
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Sarah Yannie


Transgress
Definition: (v.) to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law.
Synonyms: overstep, exceed, trespass, err
Antonyms: obey, toe the line
Etymology: Middle English, from Middle French transgresser, from Latin transgressus, to step beyond or across. First Known Use: 15th century
Memory aid: If you transgress into a dangerous area, you'll want to regress into a safer place (they rhyme).
Sentence: The thiefs transgressed into the house, transgressing against the law.
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Alec Temes