Etymology (merriam-webster.com dictionary.com)
Memory aid
Sentence: Use a core specific absolute phrase: The penguin waddled across the ice, his stubby wings flapping, his eyes watering because, in Antarctica, he cannot purchase any Justin Bieber songs.

Def: To make milder or softer, to moderate in force or intensity
Syn: Lessen, relieve, alleviate, diminish
Ant: Aggravate, intensify, irritate, exacerbate
Ety: From Latin mitigatus, past participle of mitigare meaning to soften
MA: If you are running and there is a gate in the way, you will have to mitigate your speed to open it.
S: Ron complimented Hermione, his words mitigating her anger at him.
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David Lenahan

to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder; the act of looting
ravage, sack, loot, booty
1350–1400; ME pilage ( see pill3 , -age), modeled on MF pillage (deriv. of piller to pillage, orig., to abuse, mistreat, tear, of uncert. orig.)
pillage starts with a pi, like pirate and pirates pillage things
The pirate sailed across the ocean, his sails flapping in the wind, anger in his eyes because, in the Mediterranean, he is unable to pillage treasure.
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Cara Mitchell

Definition: to confuse; to disturb the composure of
Synonyms: upset, rattle, ruffle, faze, perturb
Antonyms: relax, calm, put at ease
Etymology: obsolete French disconcerter, alteration of Middle French desconcerter, from des- dis- + concerter to concert.
Memory aid: Picture someone very bored/mad at a concert, so they would be dissing the concert.
Sentence: Amy tossed her phone on the couch, her nourished hands shaking tremendously.
Saida Gjinatori.

Def- to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion
Syn- chatter, prattle, blab, palaver
Ant- come to the point, not waste words
Ety- early 15c., from M.Du. praten "to prate" (c.1400), from a W.Gmc. imitative root (cf. M.L.G. praten, M.H.G. braten, Swed. prata "to talk, chatter").
MA- the synonym prattle reminds me of chatter which is to talk a lot
Sent- The teenage girl prated on, her words falling out of her mouth without any meaning or intention.
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Isabella Perry-Moore

Severe or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury, simple, plain; harsh or sour in flavor
Forbidding, rigorous, puritanical, ascetic, unadorned, subdued
Mild, indulgent, luxurious, flamboyant
Middle English, from Anglo-French, from Latin austerus, from Greek austēros harsh, severe
Has letters STER like stern; has “steer” in it…you have to be stern when you are steering a big car
The austere teacher yelled at the student for being late to class, her spit flying from her mouth as she severely told the child to always be on time.

Lancaster County Amish 03.jpg
Lancaster County Amish 03.jpg
Vanilla  Ice Cream Recipe
Vanilla Ice Cream Recipe

Ian Adams

Inconsequential (adj.)
Definition: trifling, unimportant
Synonyms: trivial, negligible, petty, paltry
Antonyms: important, essential, crucial, vital
Etymology: "not worth noticing," 1782; see inconsequent. 1570s, "not following as a logical conclusion," from L. inconsequentem (nom. inconsequens ) "not logically connected," from in- "not" + consequens, pp. of consequi "to follow" (see consequence).
Memory Aid: Inconsequential means that something is unimportant, and that it does not have any consequences.
Sentence: Isaac, a notorious penny-pincher, stuffed his bloated wallet with inconsequential pennies, his pants sagging with the weight of the coinage.



Harry Konangi

Definition: (n) a breaking of a law or obligation
Synonyms: violation, transgression, breach, offense
Antonyms: N/A
Etymology: mid-15c., from L. infractionem (nom. infractio) "a breaking," noun of action from pp. stem of infringere
Memory Aid: contains the word "fraction" and fractions break numbers into many parts so and infraction breaks rules
Sentence: The stout, greasy man's infraction sent him to jail, his mind reeling while being dragged away with thoughts of what other banks he could rob when his sentence was overturned.
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Definition: (v) to prepare by combining ingredients, make up (as a dish); to devise, invent, fabricate
Synonyms: create, fashion, rustle up
Antonyms: n/a
Etymology: 1530s, from L. concoctus, pp. of concoquere "to boil together, prepare," from com- "together" + coquere "to cook" (see
(n.)). First expanded metaphorically beyond cooking 1792.
Memory Aid: con means with so if you are concocting something you are mixing ingredients with each other
Sentence: Lulu galloped home, her cracked and cadaverous fingers soon clutching her new blender with which she craved to concoct a poisonous brew to undermine the queen of the toads that was ransacking her kingdom.

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Sierra Burleson


Word: Crass (adj.)
Definition: Without refinement, delicacy, or sensitivity.
Syn: Dull, boorish, oafish, indelicate
Ant: --
Etymology: 1535-45 ; middle french crassus meaning thick, dense, fat, or heavy.
Memory Aid: Crass sounds like grass, and you could think of a thick, dense lawn.
Sentence: The woman thought with all her might, steam slowly seeping from her ears, to this difficult question, her answer was quite crass.

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Mina Cheriki

Word: Grandiose
Definition: grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated
Synonyms: majestic, bombastic, highfalutin
Antonyms: simple, modest, unaffected, humble
Etymology: French, from Italian grandioso, from grande great, from Latin grandis First Known Use: 1838 Memory aid: If something is grand it is usually big and awesome, also grande in French means big
Sentence: The decorated and elegant Château de Chambord is grandiose, its 365 fireplaces burning, one for each day of the year.

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cadaverous (adj.)
pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse
corpselike, wasted, haggard, emaciated, ghastly
robust, portly, rosy, the picture of health
first known use: 1627; from Latin "cadaverosus", from cadaver (corpse-like)
"cadaverous" starts with a "c", like corpse; "dave" is in the word so you could think that a guy named Dave looks cadaverous
Allie's skin turned a cadaverous shade of white, her hands shaking after seeing the ghost pass through the wall of the dark attic.
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Lydia Bednarski

Definition- open to attack; capable of being wounded or damaged; unprotected.
Syn- defenseless, exposed, unguarded
Ant- invincible, protected, safe, secure
Etymology- comes from the Latin word "vulnerare" which means 'to wound'.
Memory Aid- the word 'vulnerable' has 'able' in it, so you could think- something or someone would be 'able' to be hurt in they were vulnerable. (a bit of a stretch, I know)
Sentence- The vulnerable stray kitten wandered the streets of New York City, whiskers shaking from the cold wind.
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Sarah Yannie

WORD: Beneficent
DEFINITION: (Adj.) performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits, doing good
SYNONYMS: Humanitarian, magnanimous, charitable
ANTONYMS: Selfish, cruel, harmful, deleterious
ETYMOLOGY: 1610s, "doing good, charitable," from Latin 'beneficenter', comp. of beneficus "generous, kind "
MEMORY AID: The beginning "bene" means good, so u can remember it that way, or if that doesn't help, the the dog food "beneful" sounds similar and its good for dogs...
SENTENCE: The beneficent social worker took the child's hand while crossing the street, her eyes twinkling kindly.

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reprove (v.)
definition- to find fault with, scold, rebuke
synonyms- chide, chastise, upbraid, reproach
antonyms- praise, commend, laud, pat on the back
etymology-c.1300, from O.Fr. reprover, from L.L. reprobare "disapprove, reject, condemn"
memory aid-when you find fault with someone, you try to PROVE them wrong. The word prove is in reprove.
Sentence-The mother pulled her mischievous son by the ear, her voice booming as she reproved him fervently.

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^ I always find those...

Claire Stemen

Desecrate (v)
Def- to commit sacrilege upon, treat irreverently; to contaminate, pollute.
Syn- profane, defile, violate
Ant- revere, honor, venerate, consecrate
Ety-1674, formed from de- "do the opposite of" + (con)secrate. O.Fr. had dessacrer "to profane, " and there is a similar formation in It.; but L. desecrare meant "to make holy," with de- in this case having a completive sense. <-Contradictory.

Mem Aid- DESecrate also starts DEStroy, and deSECRATE sounds like secret or sacred, so if you desecrate something sacred, you destroy it. Also, if you add -ify to it, it would be desecratify, which sounds like de-sacredify, and if you de-sacredify something, you make it un-sacred.
Sent- Winston desecrated his vows to the Party, his brain uncontrollably crushing Big Brother, though his actions revealed no betrayal.
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Oriana Fleming

Word: Redoubtable
Def: (Adj.) inspiring fear or awe; illustrious, eminent
Syn: formidtable, fearsome, awesome, august
Ant; laughable, risible, contemptible
ET: 1325–75; ME redoutable < MF, equiv. to redout ( er ) to fear ( re- re- + douter to fear, doubt) + -able -able
Mem: it has the word boubt in it, and if you doubt something you fear it not to be true
Sen: The redoubtable Godzilla crushed Tokyo, his massive foot demolishing buildings with every step.
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Adam Smith

Stalwart (adj.) (n.)
(adj.)- strong and sturdy ; brave ; resolute
(n.)- a brave, strong person; a strong supporter; one who takes an uncompromising position
(adj)-sturdy, stout, intrepid, valiant (n.)- mainstay
(adj.)- weak infirm, irresolute, vacillating
Middle English, alteration of stalworth, from Old English stǣl wierthe serviceable
First Known Use: 15th century
  1. You could think of a wart as stalwart because they are hard to remove
  2. I think of the word wall when I hear stalwart because of the alw
The stalwart knight guarded the castle’s wall, his eyes searching for any movement and his ears listening for any sound.

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Blake Big Brother Williams