Etymology (merriam-webster.com dictionary.com)
Memory aid
Sentence: Noun phrase: comma + noun + anything else except an -ing. Ex: The Buffalo Bill defeated the Browns, a lowly and wretched team, a sad-sack collection of misfits unable to throw or catch or run or tackle.
Your name

Definition: to cause to disappear; to scatter, dispel; to spend foolishly, squander; to be extravagant in pursuit of please
Synonyms: disperse, strew, diffuse, waste
Antonyms: gather, collect, conserve, husband
Etymology: Latin dissipatus, past participle of dissipare, dissupare, from dis- + supare to throw.
Memory aid: Dis- indicates negation – appear – disappear. Disappear, disperse and dissipate all start with dis-
Sentence: I gawked at the underwear model, an exquisite creature with a passion to dissipate marbles on the ground.

Saida Gjinatori

Def: Mean, low, base
Syn: Inferior, unworthy, dishonorable, sordid
Ant: Admirable, praiseworthy, lofty, noble
Ety: Middle English, from Middle French, from Latin ignobilis, from in- + Old Latin gnobilis noble
MA: "Ig" is like "in" which means not, so if you are ignoble, you are not noble.
S: The ignoble traitor was sent to the dungeon, a dark prison infested with rats.
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David Lenahan

Word: expurgate
Definition: to remove objectionable phrases or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify
Synonyms: purge, censor, bowdlerize
Antonyms: N/A
Etymology: Latin expurgatus, past participle of expurgare, from ex- + purgare to purge. First Known Use: 1678
Memory aid: I just remember purge, which means to get rid of..or you can take the pur out of exPURgate, so to PURify. Also, if you X (cross) something out, then it is wrong, and doesn’t fit
Sentence: The editor expurgated the novel, a book filled with unsatisfying gory scenes and inappropriate language. Pictures:

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Catherine Hall


DEFINITION: (adj.) Resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive
SYNONYMS: Stolid, dull, slow, stupid
ANTONYMS: Alert, sharp, bright, keen, quick
ETYMOLOGY: 1810–20; < LL bovīnus of, pertaining to oxen or cows, equiv. to Lbov- (s. of bōs ) ox + -īnus -ine1
MEMORY AID: It has the word "Bo" in it, which is a name, so you can remember it as a really stupid cow looking guy
SENTENCE: The bovine giant bit into the DVD, a circular piece of technology that wasn't tasty at all.
Marisa Arancibia

to call into question, to attack as false
challenge, deny, dispute, query, question
confirm, provem verify, validate
[C14: from Old French impugner, from Latin impugnāre to fight against, attack, from im- + pugnāre to fight]
impugn kind of sounds like impale and when you impale something, you stab or attack it
The actions of Jefferson Davis were impugned, a traitor of the Union by being President of the Confederacy.
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Cara Mitchell

Intemperate (adj)
Def- immoderate, lacking in self-control; inclement
Syn- excessive, extreme, unrestrained, inordinate
Ant- moderate, restrained, cool&collected
Ety- "characterized by excessive indulgence in a passion or appetite," early 15c., from L. intemperatus "untempered, inclement, immoderate," from in- "not" + temperantia
MA- if you have a bad temper, you would be intemperate
Sent- The intemperate football player threw a tantrum, one a three year old might have displayed.
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Belle Perry-Moore

Stinging, bitter in temper or tone
Biting, caustic, rancorous, hostile, peevish
Gentle, warm, mild, friendly, cordial
First known use 1659: from acrimony: Middle French or Latin; Middle French acrimonie, from Latin acrimonia, from acr-, acer
“acri-“ looks like “acid”, which can be stinging… also, if you get acid in your eye, you will probably have “a cri”
Their acrimonious relationship resulted in a brawl, a mean and vicious fight over the seemingly small issue of who got the last pancake.

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Ian Adams


Word: Disavow (v.)

Definition: To deny responsibility for or connection with

Synonyms: disown, disclaim, retract, abjure

Antonyms: acknowledge, admit, grant, cartify

Etymology: 1350-1400, Middle English desavouen, AF (....french?) desavouer

Memory Aid: In disavow, You see "dis" "a" "vow" and if you're dissing a vow that you made at your wedding, then you're denying the responsibility that you vowed to.

Sentence: The cat disavowed her newborn, a cute and helpless kitten, a small ball of fur with up-opened eyes ,no mother and no place to go.

WAHH!! :( ^^ hate this vocab word :(

external image cute-kitten-crying.jpg :'( *SNIFFLE* external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSrOIjReXoE1OERVV_sJa_HTJfGJFU3MwG_wUnaJ9rxZt0ti_Fh :((((( external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcS-7_VlEaYmth3y4-64mkHZMYbxRogoEzDcEpW5jlhOObUJY9wU <3
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcSfNjYZ6vEyuE8xKwzgZOIIOkBmFbC3Mlum_AzLechqhDZP5L6I<<< irrelevant, sowwy :( 74089_495174014601_58407459601_7142826_7806786_n.jpg "fluffy in denial" -- Gabriel Iglesias.

relegate (v.)
to place in a lower position; to assign, refer, turn over; to banish
syn: transfer, consign, demote, exile
ant: promote, elevate, advance, recall
etomology: 1580s "to banish, send into exile" (implied in relegation), from L. relegatus, pp. of relegare "remove, dismiss, banish," from re- "back" + legare "send with a commission" (see **//legate//**). Meaning "place in a position of inferiority" is recorded from 1790.
memory aid: when you are banished, your banisher might put up a gate to keep you out. You don't want to be banished so you try to get in the
gate. You "rele" (really) want to get into the GATE. (relegate)
sentence: After Rigby ate all the royal muffin tops, he was relegated to Southeast Siberia, a drooping red panda with tears in his eyes and crumbs
around his jaws.

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Thou Art Banished, Thine Eyes Fail Thee
Thou Art Banished, Thine Eyes Fail Thee

Subservient (adj.)
Subordinate in capacity or role; submissively obedient; serving to promote the end.
Secondary, servile, obsequious, useful
Primary, principal, bossy, domineering
Latin subservient-, subserviens, present participle of subservire (see subserve)
First Known Use: circa 1626
Think of the word as subSERViENT although servant is the actual spelling…
The CEO of Burger King ordered coffee through his subordinate, a young eager and subservient intern that aspired to be very successful.


^This is an actual ad campaign by Burger King where you type a command and the chicken will do it


Definition: (adj.) fat; having a large, bulky body
Synonyms: overweight, heavy, obese, stout, portly
Antonyms: slender, lean, spare, gaunt, emaciated
Etymology: late 14c., from O.Fr. corpulent "stout, fat," from L. corpulentus "fleshy, fat," from corpus "body" (see
) + -ulentus "full of." Leigh Hunt was sent to prison for two years for calling the Prince Regent corpulent in print in 1812.
Memory Aid: When I see corp I think of corporation and corporations are usually very big. Also, I think of a corpse and when someone becomes obese they tend to have heart attacks and may indeed become a corpse.
Sentence: Violet turned herself into a corpulent blueberry, a fruit infused into a tiny piece of gum made by Willy Wonka’s Oompa Loompas, the stout, orange men that work in the factory.

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Sierra Burleson

Word: Perfidy
Def: (n.) faithlessness, treachery
Syn: betrayal, consign, demote, exile
Ant: faithfulness, loyalty, steadfastness
ET: 1585–95; < L perfidia faithlessness, equiv. to perfid ( us ) faithless, lit., through (i.e., beyond the limits of) faith ( per- per- + fid ( ēs ) faith + -us adj. suffix) + -ia -y3
Mem: perfidy sounds like perfect, and someone who has perfidy is not perfect.
Sen: The stern Brutus had perfidy towards his ruler Caeser, a noble and powerful leader of his people.
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Adam Smith

Odium (n.)

Definition: hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy resulting from hateful conduct.
Synonyms: abhorrence, opprobrium, shame, ignominy
Antonyms: esteem, admiration, approbation
Etymology: c.1600, "fact of being hated," from L. odium "ill-will, hatred, offense," related to odi "I hate" (infinitive odisse), from PIE base *od- "to hate" (cf. Armenian ateam "I hate," O.N. atall, O.E. atol "dire, horrid, loathsome"). Meaning "hatred, detestation" is from 1650s. Often in an extended form, e.g. odium theologicum "hatred which is proverbially characteristic of theological disputes" (1670s).
Memory Aid: Since odium sounds like opium, you might hate a person doing opium causing you to be in a state of odium.
Sentence: Jimmy experienced an extreme sense of odium, a hatred for the world around him.

Dispassionate (adj.)
Def: impartial; calm, free from emotion
Syn: unbiased, disinterested, cool, detached
Ant: committed, engaged, partial, biased
Etym: 1585–95; dis-1 + passionate
Memory aid: if you are not passionate about something, you are have no emotion towards that thing.
Sentence: The lawyers presented their case to the dispassionate judge, a man who had an unbiased opinion on the matter.
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Alexa Fedynsky

consternation (noun)
dismay, confusion
shock, amazement, bewilderment, dismay
calm, composure, ablomb
French or Latin, from Latin consternare (to throw into confusion)
"const" is also in "constellation"; many people are confused/amazed by constellations
The boy looked at the grade on his test with great consternation, a sheet of paper with nothing but scribbles and doodles on it.
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Lydia Bednarski